Mount Kelud Tourism


Mount Kelud has change after its erupted in November 2007. The climax activity of Mount Kelud is to turn up a dome from the lake crater. Today, with its Dome that comes from the crater, Mount Kelud is more beautiful than before, add with the other phenomenal that never happen before. The Dome is seems to be Mount Kelud’s son. Fantastic and curious nature panorama.
Geological Setting

Gunung Kelud is a composite stratovolcano built by the accumulation of numerous lava flows (eastern and northeastern flanks) pyroclastic flows, pyroclastic surges and lahar deposits from the youngest activity of the volcano. Debris-avalanche deposits, several hundred meters thick underlie these deposits, and were produced by slope failures of the western side of the volcano (Thouret et al., 1998).
Several andesitic lava domes (Sumbing, Gajah Mungkur) are present in the sommital area, some present spectacular columnar joint structure.


Cultural information
An important Hindu kingdom was established in 1049 in the plain, along the Brantas river, west of the volcano: the kingdom of Kediri. From the 11th to the early 13th century, Kediri was the most powerful kingdom of the entire Indonesian archipelago.
This kingdom was renowned for its naval and commercial strength and for its achievements in literature. It collected spices from tribes in southern
Kalimantan (Borneo) and the Maluku Islands, famed in the West as the Spice Islands or Moluccas.
Muslim traders visited its ports from
India as well as Chinese merchants. Many Hindu and Buddhist temples have been found in this area. Eleven temples have been identified so far dating back to the 9th and 15th centuries. Candi Penataran is thelargest and most important Hindu temple complex in East Java. It lies just 10 kilometers north of Blitar on the lower slopes of Mt Kelud. Dedicated to the god Shiva, the temple was in use for at least 300 years, from the 14th to 16th centuries.
Today, agriculture is the major economical activity. The fertile plains at the foot of Gunung Kelud produce rice, sugarcane, pineapple, cotton, cassava, corn, peanuts, coconuts, soybeans, coffee, cocoa, quinine, tobacco and indigo.

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